Instructions for Filter Paper

General Description

ilter paper is a common laboratory item used to separate solid particles from liquid solutions through the process of filtration. Here are the instructions for using filter paper effectively:

1. Choose the Right Filter Paper: Select the appropriate filter paper based on your specific application. Filter papers come in various grades, with different porosities and flow rates. The choice of filter paper depends on the size of particles you need to separate and the nature of the liquid being filtered.
2. Pre-Fold the Filter Paper (if required): If using a funnel, pre-fold the filter paper to match the shape of the funnel. Start by folding the filter paper in half, then fold it again to form a cone. Place the folded filter paper in the funnel with the pointed end facing down.

During the experiment, filter paper is usually employed with other filters like the Brinell Filter. The filter paper should be folded into a suitable shape first, and a common folding method is shaping the filter paper into a flower-like one.

The higher degree the folding filter paper possesses, the larger the surface area it can provide, and the better the filtering effect would be.
Attention: Excessive folding will crack the filter paper, so a drainage glass rod needs to be put on the multi-layer filter paper with a well-proportioned force to avoid the breakage of the filter paper.

3. Wet the Filter Paper: Wetting the filter paper with the solvent or liquid being filtered helps it adhere to the funnel’s surface and minimizes air bubbles or gaps that may interfere with the filtration process. Pour a small amount of the liquid being filtered onto the filter paper, allowing it to wet the entire surface.

4. Set Up the Filtration Apparatus: Place the funnel with the wetted filter paper in the filtration apparatus, such as a filtration flask or a vacuum filtration setup. Make sure the setup is stable and securely connected.

5. Add the mixture to be Filtered: Carefully pour the mixture to be filtered into the funnel with the wetted filter paper. Avoid overloading the filter paper with too much mixture to prevent clogging and ensure a smooth filtration process.

6. Collect the Filtrate: The liquid that passes through the filter paper and collects in the receiving container is called the filtrate. Allow the filtrate to flow freely without disturbing the filter paper during the filtration process.

7. Rinse the Filter Paper (if required): If there are residual particles on the filter paper after filtration, you may rinse the filter paper with a small amount of the same solvent used for filtration. This step helps to ensure complete separation and recovery of the desired material.

8. Dispose of the Filter Paper Properly: After the filtration is complete, carefully remove the filter paper from the funnel and place it in the appropriate waste container. Dispose of the filter paper and any collected solid residue according to your laboratory’s waste disposal guidelines.

Remember to follow any specific instructions provided by your laboratory supervisor or the manufacturer of the filter paper to ensure proper usage and accurate filtration results.

Operating Procedure

1Fold the filter paper into a circular corner at a 90-degree angle.
2Unclose the folded filter paper to a funnel shape.
3Place the shaped filter paper in the filter, and pour some purified water from the mouth with the wet filter paper close to the inner wall. Then pour out the remaining water for later use.
4Place the funnel on the rack.
5Fill the funnel with sample liquid.
6Check that the liquid is poured along the wall to the bottom.