Filter paper is a kind of filter tool commonly used in chemical laboratories, usually round in shape, which is made of cotton fiber that has numerous holes for liquid particles to pass through. This property can separate the liquid from the solid.
Different form membrane filter, filter paper does not have accurate pore size but a probable number.
The velocity is mainly affected by pore size and they are proportional to each other. So far there has been high, medium, and low speed.
The ash content derives from the remains that were left by the filtration medium after the air combustion at 900°C
Wet mullen is the maximum vertical pressure that paper or cardboard bears per unit area.
Filter paper classification
There are two types of filter paper, Quantitative and qualitative :
In general, filter paper can be divided into two types, one is qualitative and the other is quantitative. Qualitative filter paper generally refers to the formation of cotton fibers on the surface after filtration, which is generally only suitable for qualitative analysis and possesses a standard grade and a wet strengthened grade.
Quantitative filter paper
The quantitative filter paper is mainly used for ashing weighing analysis after filtration, that is, gravimetric analysis test and corresponding analysis test in quantitative chemical analysis. The weight of ash after each filter paper is a fixed value, with low ashless < 0.007 %, to express this in a specific way, there is ashless, Hardened low ash, and hardened ashless grades.
The quantitative filter paper is generally for ashless filter paper and must be subjected to special treatment procedures during use. To a certain extent, it can effectively resist certain chemical reactions, so impurities formed on its surface. There will be a lot less, and in general, it is generally used in quantitative analysis.
Qualitative filter paper
Qualitative filter paper is used in general Filtration, qualitative chemical analysis, and corresponding filtration separation, with Low ashless < 0.1%.
The role of filter paper
Because the cotton fiber in the filter paper has a good affinity with water, it can absorb about 22% of water, and the water combined with cellulose in the form of hydrogen bonds is 6% to 7%. In general, it is very difficult to remove. Compared with the affinity for water, the cotton fiber in the filter paper has a weaker affinity with the organic solvent, so in most cases, the paper chromatography method is in the filter paper fiber. Combined with water as the stationary phase, the mobile phase is dominated by organic solvents. When the mobile phase of the organic solvent passes through the sample, the water and the organic phase are continuously distributed, and as the mobile phase moves, the components of the various components are continuously redistributed, further separating the material and purification. This use of filter paper is generally common in chemical laboratories.
In addition to the application of filter paper in chemical experiments, there are also applications of filter paper in our lives. For example, coffee filter paper is one of the widely used ones, this filter paper has high softness. While industrial filter paper is generally used to adsorb suspended particles in the air.
Hawach Scientific Filter Paper
Filter paper is a kind of paper with good filtering performance. It is loose and has strong absorbance to liquid, Hawach Scientific filter paper is made in a clean room, manufactured from high-purity alpha-cellulose and cotton liner, and special design equivalent to Whatman, Pall, Milipall, Advantech, and so on, besides, it gets CE and ISO 9001 Certificates as well.
Hawach Scientific filter paper offers a wide choice of retention and flow rate combinations for numerous laboratory applications.