Soxhlet Extractor and Soxhlet Extraction Method
Soxhlet extractor, also known as fat extractor or fat extractor. The Soxhlet extractor is composed of three parts: an extraction bottle, an extraction tube and a condenser. There are siphon tubes and connecting tubes on both sides of the extraction tube, and the joints of each part should be tightly sealed. When extracting, the sample to be tested is wrapped in a degreased filter paper bag and placed in an extraction tube. The petroleum ether is added to the extraction bottle, the extraction bottle is heated, the petroleum ether is vaporized, the connecting tube rises into the condenser, and the liquid is dripped into the extraction tube to extract the lipid substance in the sample. The petroleum ether liquid level in the pipe to be extracted reaches a certain height and the petroleum ether in which the crude fat is dissolved flows into the extraction bottle through the siphon. The petroleum ether flowing into the extraction bottle is continuously heated, vaporized, raised, condensed, dropped into the extraction tube, and so on until the extraction is complete.
The solid material is ground prior to extraction to increase the area of solid-liquid contact. Then, the solid matter was placed in a filter paper bag and placed in an extractor, and the lower end of the extractor was connected to a round bottom flask containing a leaching solvent, and a reflux condenser was attached thereto. The round bottom flask is heated to boil the solvent, the vapor rises through the connecting pipe, enters the condensing pipe, is condensed, and drops into the extractor, and the solvent and the solid are contacted for extraction, when the solvent liquid level in the extractor reaches the highest point of the siphon tube The solvent containing the extract is siphoned back to the flask, thereby extracting a portion of the material. The leaching solvent in the round bottom flask then continues to evaporate, condense, leach, reflux, and so on, so that the solid material is continuously extracted as a pure leaching solvent, and the extracted material is concentrated in the flask. The liquid-solid extraction uses the solvent to have a large solubility to the desired component in the solid mixture, and the solubility to the impurities is small to achieve the purpose of extraction and separation.