What Are the Differences Between the Use of Qualitative Filter Paper and Quantitative Filter Paper?

Filter paper is loose and has a strong liquid absorption performance, which is widely used in many industries. The filter paper is directional. On the front of the filter paper, the fibers are relatively loose, and the pores on the front are flared; the mesh surface of the filter paper has tight fibers; the pores become smaller along with the thickness of the filter paper; the thickness of the filter paper is about 0.35 ~ 0.5 mm. The filter paper has a multi-layer structure, which can be seen when the side is enlarged.

Filter paper can be divided into quantitative and qualitative filter paper, which is based on the amount of ash produced after ashing. The ash content of the qualitative filter paper after ashing does not exceed 0.13%; The amount of ash produced after ashing of quantitative filter paper shall not exceed or equal to 0.0009%. Generally, if the test is only for filtration, qualitative filter paper is fine. Quantitative filter paper must be used when doing ash tests. Quantitative filter paper is only used when doing gravimetric analysis.

Qualitative filter paper has irregular pore size and no strict regulations. Generally, qualitative filter paper has large pores and quantitative filter paper has small pores. The pore size is different, the filtration speed is also different.
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Three types of filter paper pore size are available:
Fast: the pore size is 80~120 microns
Medium: the pore size is 30~50 microns
Slow: pore size is 1~3 microns

Qualitative filter paper
Qualitative filter paper can also be called qualitative analysis filter paper. It is a material commonly used in chemical laboratories. It is mainly used to filter precipitates and suspended solids. Most filter papers are composed of cotton fibers. Depending on the purpose, the production methods used are also different. Made of fiber, the qualitative filter has numerous small holes on the surface, so that small solid particle can pass through, while the larger ones cannot. According to the pore size of the filter paper, it is often divided into three types: fast, medium, and slow. The color bands on the packaging box are marked with white, blue, and red, and should be selected and used according to the type of precipitation.

The surface of quantitative filter paper is relatively smooth and has extremely low ash content, strong load capacity, good filtering effect, and ideal particle interception effect. It is mainly used in gravimetric analysis experiments and corresponding analysis experiments in quantitative chemical analysis. Qualitative filter paper is usually used in general qualitative analysis.

Since the price of quantitative filter paper is relatively high, qualitative filter paper is generally used.

Quantitative filter paper
Quantitative filter paper is used where there is a need for the ash quality of the filter paper. Generally, the ash quality of the single sheet of the filter paper will be marked on the package to facilitate your calculation after use. It’s used for gravimetric analysis tests and corresponding analysis tests in quantitative chemical analysis.

Quantitative filter paper has a special purpose. After filtration, the mass of the precipitate should be weighed. In this case, quantitative filter paper should be used. Because it is more difficult to transfer the filter residue from the filter paper, and the loss is large, the method of burning the filter paper and then weighing is generally used in analytical chemistry. Therefore, quantitative filter paper has strict requirements on the quality of ash remaining after combustion, while qualitative filter paper has no relevant index requirements.